Chicago Lawyer Legal Technology Guide 2011 : Page 16
A 16 Legal Technology Update 2011 NAL By Jim Iseman III TransPerfect n his groundbreaking 1999 novel The Age of Spiritual M a c h in e s , Ray Kurzweil described a future in which Artificial Intelligence exceeds Human Intelligence and machines take over many roles previously delegated to the human realm. Kurzweil establishes a timeline in which computer intelligence initially asserts its superiority over the human mind by performing mundane tasks; but eventually, human intelligence is completely supplanted even for the most highly nuanced, complex, and significant functions. I With the prolific development of technology dedicated to solving problems commonly encountered in the world of litigation document review, it’s worthwhile to take a survey of the legal/technological landscape and ask: “How far away are we from the possibility of computer intelligence replacing human intelligence in the art of legal document review?” To answer that question, we need to take a look at the current state of legal technology. Currently, the most advanced technological development seems to be the integration of software analytics (really Artificial Intelligence) into document review and so-called Early Case Assessment platforms. For simplicity’s sake, these o ffe ring s c a n be bro k e n do w n into thre e g e ne ra tio ns o f products. The three generations can be described roughly as follows: First Generation: Platforms which serve the end user directly at the end user’s command. These are basic review platforms that house a database and a document viewer. They can be used to store and retrieve information w ith ba s ic k e y w o rd s e a rc hing c o mpo ne nts , but the y do not have an artificial intelligence component. Second Generation: Platforms that have integrated s o ftw a re a na ly tic s a s a fe a ture . The s e a pplic a tio ns c a n group documents into clusters that the software interprets as having similar content, perhaps making predictive coding choices based on user coding of documents within the cluster. However, Second Generation platforms still rely on the human analysis of the end user to expedite the review process.
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